In nursery and reception, children make marks and we teach them correct pencil grip (crocodile fingers) and to write their names. Over time, they begin to use sounds to write phonically and they also learn "tricky words" - which can't be sounded but are used frequently in sentences. As appropriate to each year group, we use texts to inspire our children and develop their understanding of a range of genres.
A particular teaching technique we use is Talk for Writing which was developed by the author Pie Corbett. It is a fun, creative yet also rigorous approach to develop writers.
Talk for Writing starts with enjoying and sharing stories, then children learn to tell a story off by heart, using expression and action, which helps to consolidate learning. They then make the story their own by changing, for example, the character or setting; eventually this is written as an independent text.